Subcellular Localization

The subcellular localization of a protein is often tied to its function, so it’s important to determine where your protein of interest resides. There are a variety of methods for determining subcellular localization. One of the most common is to use fluorescence microscopy to compare the localization of your protein of interest with known markers.

AVB has assembled a collection of vectors encoding fluorescent fusion proteins that are targeted to various organelles or subcellular structures. You should fuse your protein of interest with a fluorescent protein that has a different emission wavelength. For example, if the marker protein is fused to GFP, you may want to fuse your protein to a red fluorescent protein. Then, by examining the overlap between your fusion protein and the marker fusion protein using fluorescence microscopy, you can assess whether your protein is targeted to the same structures as these well-characterized proteins.